Code of the District of Columbia

§ 48–102. Definitions — “Drug”; “food”.

For the purposes of this chapter, the term:

(1) “Condemnation” means an administrative restriction or exclusion on the use of specific equipment, utensils, or linens.

(2) “Drug” shall include all medicines for external or internal use, antiseptics, disinfectants, and cosmetics.

(3) “Embargo” means an administrative restriction or exclusion on the distribution of food or food products.

(4) “Food” means a raw, cooked, or processed edible substance, ice, beverage, or ingredient used or intended for use or for sale, in whole or in part, for human consumption, or chewing gum.

(5) “Food establishment” means an operation that stores, prepares, packages, serves, vends, or otherwise provides food for human consumption.

(A) The term “food establishment” includes:

(i) A restaurant; satellite or catered feeding location; catering operation, if the operation provides food directly to a consumer, or to a conveyance used to transport people; a market; a vending location; an institution; or a food bank;

(ii) An establishment that relinquishes possession of food to a consumer directly or indirectly through a delivery service, such as home delivery of grocery orders or restaurant takeout orders, or a delivery service that is provided by common carriers;

(iii) An establishment that includes an element of the operation of an establishment, such as a motorized vehicle or cart, or a central preparation facility that supplies vending locations or satellite feeding locations, unless the vending locations are licensed by the Mayor pursuant to Chapter 1A of Title 37 [§§ 37-131.01 through 37-131.10], or the feeding locations are licensed by the Mayor;

(iv) An establishment that includes an operation that is conducted in a mobile, stationary, temporary, or permanent facility or location where consumption is on or off the premises, regardless of whether there is a charge for the food;

(v) All private clubs, employer-sponsored cafeterias or restaurants, schools, churches, residential treatment facilities, and similar facilities, with the exception of those described in subparagraphs (B)(v) through (B)(viii) of this paragraph;

(vi) An eating and drinking establishment as set forth in § 7-2701; and

(vii) A food processing plant.

(B) The term “food establishment” shall not include:

(i) An establishment that offers only prepackaged foods that are not potentially hazardous;

(ii) A produce stand that only offers whole, uncut, fresh fruits and vegetables;

(iii) Repealed.

(iv) An ordinary kitchen in a private home that prepares food for sale or service at a function such as a religious or charitable organizations’ bake sale where the consumer is informed by a clearly visible placard at the sales or service location that the food is prepared in a kitchen that is not subject to regulation and inspection by the Mayor.

(v) An area where food that is prepared as specified in sub-subparagraph (iv) of this subparagraph is sold or offered for human consumption;

(vi) A kitchen in a private home, including a child development facility; or a bed-and-breakfast operation that prepares and offers food to guests if the home is owner-occupied, the number of available guest bedrooms does not exceed 3, breakfast is the only meal offered, the number of guests served does not exceed 9, and the consumer is informed by statements contained in published advertisements, mailed brochures, and placards posted at the registration area that the food is prepared in a kitchen that is not regulated and inspected by the Mayor;

(vii) A private home that receives catered or home-delivered food; and

(viii) A private club or a church, which serves occasional meals at not more than 24 events during a 12-month period.