Code of the District of Columbia

§ 7–2101. Definitions.

For the purposes of this chapter, the term:

(1) “Child” means any individual who is:

(A) Under 18 years of age;

(B) 18 to 20 years of age and subject to a consent decree or dispositional order entered pursuant to Chapter 23 of Title 16; or

(C) 18 to 21 years of age and has an individualized education program pursuant to 20 U.S.C. § 1401 et seq.

(2) “Continuing care” means ongoing supervision and care designed to nurture a resident’s growth and development, meet basic health needs, and monitor applicable school or work attendance.

(3) “Court” means the Superior Court of the District of Columbia.

(4) “District” means the District of Columbia.

(5) “Emergency care” means temporary supervision and care, usually not exceeding 90 days and provided as the result of an individual or family crisis, that includes monitoring of applicable school or work attendance and an assessment of a resident’s physical, psychosocial, and educational needs.

(6) “Facility” means a youth residential facility.

(7) “Resident” means a District child residing in a youth residential facility.

(8) “Therapeutic care” means an intensive, professionally supervised program of education and treatment designed to meet a resident’s physical, psychosocial, and educational needs as identified in an individualized treatment plan and, if applicable, an individualized education program.

(9)(A) “Youth residential facility” means a residential placement providing adult supervision and care for 1 or more children who are not related by blood, marriage, guardianship, or adoption (including both final and nonfinal adoptive placements) to any of the facility’s adult caregivers and who were found to be in need of a specialized living arrangement as the result of:

(i) A detention or shelter care hearing held pursuant to § 16-2312;

(ii) A dispositional hearing held pursuant to § 16-2317;

(iii) Family crisis, homelessness, runaway status, or other circumstances creating a need for out-of-home supervision and care; or

(iv) A mental or physical disability that requires, in accordance with 20 U.S.C. § 1401 et seq., more services than can be provided by nonresidential programs.

(B) The term “youth residential facility” shall include, but not necessarily be limited to, foster homes, youth shelters, runaway shelters, emergency care facilities, youth group homes, supervised apartments, and residential treatment centers; it shall not include informal substitute care provided by friends or neighbors or those facilities licensed under Chapter 5 of Title 44.