Code of the District of Columbia

§ 6–1451.01. Definitions.

For the purposes of this chapter, the term:

(1) “Addition” has the same meaning as in § 6-1410(a)(1).

(2) “Applicant” means any individual, firm, limited liability company, association, partnership, government agency, public or private corporation, or other entity that submits construction documents for a building permit or verification.

(2A) “Bond” means a financial instrument posted by an applicant, the proceeds of which shall be paid to the District in its entirety or in part, and deposited in the Green Building Fund, if the project fails to meet the standards required by §§ 6-1451.03 and 6-1451.06.

(3) “Building” means any structure used or intended for supporting or sheltering any use or occupancy.

(4) Repealed.

(5) “Building systems monitoring method” means the specifications for a methodology of collecting information and providing feedback about installed equipment that provide data for the comparison, management, and optimization of actual, as compared to estimated, energy performance.

(5A) “Certificate of occupancy” means the first certificate of occupancy issued for a usable, habitable space at grade or above grade.

(5B) “Common space” means gross floor area within a project shared or available for common use by various occupancies within a project that includes both residential and nonresidential occupancies, including lobbies, corridors, stairways, amenity areas, laundry rooms, boiler rooms, furnace rooms, generator rooms, elevator hoistways, mechanical duct shafts, elevator machine rooms, off-street loading facilities, and off-street parking facilities at or above grade.

(6) “Construction Codes” means the standards and requirements adopted pursuant to Chapter 14 of this title.

(7) “Construction documents” has the same meaning as in § 6-1405.02(a)(1).

(8) “Construction permit application” has the same meaning as in § 6-1410(a)(4).

(8A) “Current edition” means the most recent and currently operative edition of a green building standard approved under § 6-1451.11(b).

(9) "DOB" means the Department of Buildings.

(9A) "DOEE" means the Department of Energy and Environment.

(10) “Director” means the Director of the Department of Buildings.

(10A) “District-financed” or “District instrumentality-financed” means:

(A) Financing of a project or contract where funds or resources to be used for construction and development costs, excluding ongoing operational costs, are received from the District, or funds or resources which, in accordance with a federal grant or otherwise, the District administers, including a contract, grant, loan, tax abatement or exemption, land transfer, land disposition and development agreement, or tax increment financing, or any combination thereof; provided, that federal funds may be applied to the financing percentage only if permitted by federal law and grant conditions; or

(B) Financing whose stated purpose is, in whole or in part, to provide for the new construction or substantial rehabilitation of affordable housing.

(11) “Educational facility” means any building that has the provision of education as its primary use.

(11A) "Electric vehicle" shall have the same meaning as provided in section 3(4) of the Electric and Hybrid Vehicle Research, Development, and Demonstration Act of 1976, approved September 17, 1976 (90 Stat. 1261; 15 U.S.C. § 2502(4)).

(11B) "Electric vehicle charging site" means any location, including any public space in the District, that has installed electric vehicle supply equipment.

(12) “ENERGY STAR Portfolio Manager” means the tool developed by EPA ENERGY STAR that rates the performance of a qualifying building, relative to similar buildings nationwide, accounting for the impacts of year-to-year weather variations, building size, location, and several operating characteristics, using the Environmental Protection Agency’s national energy performance rating system.

(13) “ENERGY STAR Target Finder” means the tool developed by EPA ENERGY STAR that helps set performance goals and energy ratings for building projects during their design phase.

(14) “Existing building” has the same meaning as in § 6-1410(a)(8).

(14A) “First building permit” means the first permit intended to cover the primary scope of work for a project; provided, that this shall not include permit applications for raze, sheeting and shoring, foundation, or specialty, miscellaneous, or supplemental permits.

(15) “Full-building commissioning” means the process of verification that a building’s energy related systems are installed, calibrated, and perform according to project requirements, design basis, and construction documents. The systems that require commissioning include mechanical and passive heating, ventilation, air conditioning, and refrigeration systems, and associated controls such as lighting, domestic hot water systems, and renewable energy systems.

(16) “GBAC” means the Green Building Advisory Council established by § 6-1451.09.

(17) “Green building” means an integrated, whole-building approach to the planning, design, construction, operation, and maintenance of buildings and their surrounding landscapes that help mitigate the environmental, economic, and social impacts of buildings, so that they are energy efficient, sustainable, safe, cost-effective, accessible, healthy, and productive.

(18) “Green building checklist” means a scorecard developed by the USGBC for the purpose of calculating a score on the appropriate LEED rating system.

(19) Repealed.

(20) “Green Building Fund” or “Fund” means the Green Building Fund established by § 6-1451.07.

(21) “Green Communities” means the national green building program designed by Enterprise Community Partners that provides criteria for the design, development, and operation of affordable housing.

(22) “Gross floor area” has the same definition as found in section 199.1 of Title 11 of the District of Columbia Municipal Regulations (11 DCMR § 199.1).

(23) “HVAC&R” means mechanical and passive heating, ventilation, air conditioning, and refrigeration systems.

(24) “ICC” means the International Code Council, a nonprofit organization.

(25) “IECC” means the International Energy Conservation Code developed by the ICC.

(26) “LEED” means the series of Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design green building rating systems designed by the USGBC.

(27) Repealed.

(28) Repealed.

(29) “LEED-H” means the LEED for New Homes (LEED-H) green building rating system being designed by the USGBC.

(30) Repealed.

(31) Repealed.

(31A) “LEED standard for commercial and institutional buildings” means the green building rating system designed by the USGBC for Core & Shell, New Construction, Schools, and Retail: New Construction & Major Renovations.

(32) “Maintenance accountability method” means a system for maintaining building performance standards, including annual building performance reporting that publicly compares actual energy consumption to benchmarks using the ENERGY STAR Portfolio Manager tool for all building types for which it is available; the description of changes to operations and maintenance arrangements and procedures for major energy-consuming equipment; the maintenance of manuals, manufacturer’s literature, model numbers, methods of operation, and maintenance practices for installed building systems; the records of metering systems and mechanisms for the monitoring and control of energy consumption; and the collection of complete “as-built” drawing sets and information on best practices for building maintenance, housekeeping, pest management, and mold prevention.

(32A) “Mixed-use space” means demised space in any residential project that contains at least 50,000 contiguous square feet of gross floor area, exclusive of common space, that is or would be occupied for a nonresidential use.

(32B) "Multi-unit building" means a residential building with 5 or more dwelling units.

(33) “New construction” means the construction of any building whether as a stand-alone building or an addition to an existing building. The term “new construction” includes new buildings and additions or enlargements of existing buildings, exclusive of any alterations or repairs to any existing portion of a building.

(33A) “Nonresidential” means any project in which at least 50% of the gross floor area of the project, subject to allocation of area for common space, has nonresidential purposes.

(34) Repealed.

(35) “Project” means the construction of single or multiple buildings that are part of one development scheme, built at one time or in phases.

(36) “Property disposition by lease” means a lease, inclusive of options, of real property, as defined in § 10-801.01, for a period of greater than 20 years.

(37) “Property disposition by sale” means a sale of real property, as defined in § 10-801.01, in whole or in part, to the highest bidder for real property 10,000 square feet or more.

(38) Repealed.

(39) “Public school” means schools owned, operated, or maintained by the District of Columbia Public Schools (“DCPS”), or a public charter school, and those schools’ educational facilities.

(39A) “Residential” means any project in which more than 50% of the gross floor area of the project, subject to allocation for common space, is used for residential purposes.

(40) “Substantial improvement” means any repair, alteration, addition, or improvement of a building or structure, the cost of which equals or exceeds 50% of the market value of the structure before the improvement or repair is started.

(41) “Total project cost” means the total of:

(A) Hard construction costs;

(B) Site acquisition costs; provided, that a site was acquired within 2 years of first building permit application; and

(C) Soft costs; provided, that the soft costs shall not exceed 25% of the hard construction costs.

(42) “USGBC” means the United States Green Building Council.

(43) “Verification” or “verified” means confirmation by an entity described in § 6-1451.04 that the green building requirements of this chapter have been fulfilled.