Code of the District of Columbia

§ 13–338. Prerequisites for order of publication.

An order for the substitution of publication for personal service may not be made until:

(1) A summons for the defendant has been issued and returned "not to be found"; and

(2) The plaintiff proves by affidavit to the satisfaction of the court:

(A) The nonresidence of the defendant or his or her absence for at least 6 months; or

(B) Diligent efforts to find the defendant or that the defendant seeks to avoid service of process by concealment.