D.C. Act 24-72. Medical Marijuana Program Patient Employment Protection Emergency Amendment Act of 2021.
To amend, on an emergency basis, the District of Columbia Government Comprehensive Merit Personnel Act of 1978 to prohibit the District of Columbia government from taking adverse employment actions against individuals for participating in a medical marijuana program; and to amend the Department of Corrections Employee Mandatory Drug and Alcohol Testing Act of 1996 to do the same.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE COUNCIL OF THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA, That this act may be cited as the "Medical Marijuana Program Patient Employment Protection Emergency Amendment Act of 2021".
Sec. 2. The District of Columbia Government Comprehensive Merit Personnel Act of 1978, effective March 3, 1979 (D.C. Law 2-139; D.C. Official Code § 1-601.01 et seq.), is amended as follows:
(a) Section 2051 (D.C. Official Code § 1-620.11) is amended as follows:
(1) Designate the existing text as subsection (a).
(2) A new subsection (b) is added to read as follows:
"(b) To the extent permitted by federal law and regulations, programs and rules adopted pursuant to subsection (a) of this section shall accommodate qualifying patients, as that term is defined in
(b) Section 2025 (D.C. Official Code § 1-620.25) is amended by adding a new subsection (d) to read as follows:
"(d) Notwithstanding subsection (a) of this section, the testing program established pursuant to
(c) Section 2032 (D.C. Official Code § 1-620.32) is amended by adding a new subsection (g) to read as follows:
"(g) The testing program established pursuant to
(d) A new title XX-E is added to read as follows:
"TITLE XX-E. MEDICAL MARIJUANA PROGRAM PATIENT EMPLOYMENT PROTECTIONS
"Sec. 2051. Definitions.
" For the purposes of
"(1) "Marijuana" shall have the same meaning as provided in
"(2) "Qualifying patient" shall have the same meaning as provided in
"(3) "Public employer" means the District government.
"(4) "Safety sensitive position" means a position with duties that, if performed while under the influence of drugs or alcohol, could lead to a lapse of attention that could cause actual, immediate, and permanent physical injury or loss of life to self or others.
"Sec. 2052. Patient protections.
"(a)(1) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, a public employer may not refuse to hire, terminate from employment, penalize, fail to promote, or otherwise take adverse employment action against an individual based upon the individual's status as a qualifying patient unless the individual used, possessed, or was impaired by marijuana at the individual's place of employment or during the hours of employment.
"(2) A qualifying patient's failure to pass a public employer-administered drug test for marijuana components or metabolites may not be used as a basis for employment-related decisions unless reasonable suspicion exists that the qualifying patient was impaired by marijuana at the qualifying patient's place of employment or during the hours of employment.
"(b) Subsection (a) of this section shall not apply to safety sensitive positions or if compliance would cause the public employer to commit a violation of a federal law, regulation, contract, or funding agreement.".
Sec. 3. Section 3 of the Department of Corrections Employee Mandatory Drug and Alcohol Testing Act of 1996, effective September 20, 1996 (D.C. Law 11-158; DC. Official Code § 24-211.22), is amended by adding a new subsection (d) to read as follows:
"(d) The testing program established pursuant to
Sec. 4. Fiscal impact statement.
The Council adopts the fiscal impact statement of the Budget Director as the fiscal impact statement required by section 4a of the General Legislative Procedures Act of 1975, approved October 16, 2006 (120 Stat. 2038; D.C. Official Code § 1-301.47a).
Sec. 5. Applicability date.
This act shall apply as of April 8, 2021.
Sec. 6. Effective date.
This act shall take effect following approval by the Mayor (or in the event of veto by the Mayor, action by the Council to override the veto), and shall remain in effect for no longer than 90 days, as provided for emergency acts of the Council of the District of Columbia in section 412(a) of the District of Columbia Home Rule Act, approved December 24, 1973 (87 Stat. 788; D.C. Official Code § 1-204.12(a)).